The Time Sources tab page is where you specify how and where the Domain Time Server is to
obtain the correct time. The options on this page will be greyed out if the server
is configured as a slave (slaves always obtain their time from a master automatically).
The Domain Time II Control Panel Applet - Time Sources Tab
External Time Sources
Use this section to control how this server obtains its time.
Set this machine's time from a trusted external time source
When this box is checked, Domain Time II Server will attempt to get the time over the network from the sources
you specify in the time source fields.
If this box is unchecked, Domain Time will use the server machine's internal system clock as the time source.
Use this configuration only if you do not have access to a network time source, if you have an internal
clock card (such as cesium clock cards), or if you wish to set the time manually for your systems.
Important: By default, a Domain Time server will not begin to serve the time to other machines until it
has successfully set its own clock at least once from a trusted source. If you are not using an
external time source, you must disable this function (uncheck the Refuse to serve time until this machine's
clock has been set checkbox on the Advanced Settings tab page).
Set this machine to be a slave of a foreign master
Check this box to obtain the time from the master server in another NT domain instead of specifying
network time sources (see below).
When you check this box, you will be prompted to select the domain to which you which to be a slave. If the foreign
master is configured to accept slaves, you will receive a confirmation of the change, and all
other time source items on this page will be greyed out.
Specifying network time sources
Use this section to tell Domain Time II Server where to connect over the network to get the time.
If you want the master or independent server to obtain its time over the network, fill in up
to four server names or IP addresses in the External Time Sources section, and select the appropriate
protocol from the drop-down box beside each server's name.
Note: There is a link to the Public Time Servers page in the online documentation which explains
about possible choices for public time servers. Although several suggested time servers are filled in by default as examples, you should
contact the administrator responsible for the time server you will be using to obtain permission to use that server.
Domain Time tries the listed servers in order,
until it finds one that works and it uses that as the time source (unless you have the Analyze all listed servers...
box checked - see below). List servers in your desired order of preference.
If you are unsure what protocols are supported on your time source, you may fill in the server name and then press
the Test button. The Control Panel applet will test the server for compliance with all known protocols and
show you the results. Note: The time is not set during the test.
Setting the Preferred Protocol
The protocol you select from the drop-down box is the preferred protocol for that server. Select the
time protocol provided by the time source.
If your time source provides multiple time protocols (such as another Domain Time II server), you can choose which protocol you
want Domain Time to use.
You may also check the Try Alternate Protocols box if the server supports more than one time protocol, and you
want Domain Time to try them all in case the preferred protocol fails for some reason.
If you do not check this box, then Domain Time will only try the preferred protocol for that server (recommended). These
boxes are greyed out when the Analyze all listed servers... box is checked.
The protocols are checked in this order:
Domain Time II UDP
Domain Time II TCP
Domain Time I
Domain Time II over HTTP
Note: If you have the Try Alternate Protocols box checked, but your server only supplies one
time protocol, this will result in
delays and errors in the log each time Domain Time II synchronizes. For example, if you are using the Domain Time II protocol over
HTTP through a firewall, you could receive up to six timeouts and warnings in the log each time the server synchronizes!
Leave this box unchecked unless you are trying to troubleshoot a connection.
Analyze all listed servers and choose the best...
This option causes Domain Time II server to request the time from each listed server and to apply sophisticated analysis
techniques to compare the results and decide upon the likely "correct time." At least two time sources must be
specified and operating for this option to provide any benefits.
If this option is unchecked, or only one server is available, then Domain Time II will accept only the first
server as having the "correct time."
This option is highly recommended to provide the best accuracy and also to protect against "wild time" in the event any of your
selected time sources should ever provide invalid time (such as from an incorrectly calcuated timestamp caused by a network delay of
an NTP reply packet, for example).
Use a Proxy Server for Domain Time II over HTTP
Allows you to obtain time from a Domain Time II server through a web proxy.
Leave this box unchecked if you have direct TCP/IP access to your time source(s) using the standard time protocols. However,
if you must access the time source through a proxy server because of firewall restrictions, you will need to check this box and
fill in the name or IP address of the HTTP proxy server you wish to use.
Server uses a non-standard port
The Domain Time II over HTTP protocol uses the standard web port 80 by default. If you need to use a non-standard port,
check the box, and fill in the correct port number.
My proxy is a SOCKS4 proxy
Domain Time supports SOCKS4 as well as regular web proxies. If your connection to the Internet is through a SOCKS4 gateway/firewall,
then check this box.
My proxy requires authentication
Domain Time supports most proxy authentication schemes. If your proxy server requires authentication, you should check this box,
and provide the correct username and password to access the proxy.
Note that Microsoft Proxy Server can be configured to provide several different methods of access, including Winsock and/or SOCKS4 proxies.
Some of these methods are simpler to use than others. In general you need to configure Domain Time to access the proxy in the same
manner as your would do to browse with a web browser. In some cases (such as with certain implementations of the MS Winsock proxy),
it may be necessary for you to connect to the proxy as an authorized logged-in user from the command-prompt before Domain Time II can connect.
If you don't know whether or not you need to specify a proxy server, or if you have an authentication issue, ask your firewall
system administrator for assistance.